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Peatland Distribution – In the world

In the world

Peatlands cover some 400 million hectares of the Earth, which represents 3% of the total land surface area (Joosten, H. and D. Clarke. 2002). Peatlands are more widespread in North America (Canada with 37 %) and in northern Asia and Europe. Ten percent of peatlands are located in the tropics, with 20 million hectares found in Indonesia.

Percentage of the area covered with peatland per country (In Joosten and Clarke, 2002)

Countries/Areas with the largest peatland occurences

Country/Area Peat Area in km²
Russia – Asian part 1 176 280
Canada 1 133 926
Indonesia 265 500
Russia – European part 199 410
USA (Alaska) 131 990
USA (lower 48) 91 819
Finland 79 429
Sweden 65 623
Papua New Guinea 59 922
Brazil 54 730
Peru 49 991
China 33 499
Sudan 29 910
Norway 29 685
Malaysia 26 685
Mongolia 26 291
Belarus 22 352
United Kingdom 17 113
Germany 16 668
Congo 15 999
Zambia 15 410
Uganda 13 640
Iceland 13 366
DR Congo 11 955
Poland 11 528
Falklands-Malvinas 11 408
Ireland 11 090
Chile 10 996

Source: Joosten, H. and D. Clarke. 2002.