In Canada, peatlands are partially protected by the federal government’s Wetland Policy and by the Ramsar Convention, but the actual responsibility for the management of natural resources is under the authority of the provincial and territorial governments.
In all Canadian jurisdictions, peat harvesting for horticultural purposes is subject to strict regulatory frameworks. For example, in Quebec, companies wishing to open a new peatland must apply to the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change for approval and if it is public land they must comply with requirements from the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Similar to Quebec requirements, specific terms and conditions apply in all Canadian provinces.
It should also be added that some peatlands are excluded from development projects because they occur in designated natural conservation areas or because they possess special characteristics that justify their conservation as natural areas.